Tag Archives: Fluoride Free

The farce of a “sciency” anti-fluoride report

F network

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I came up with the image above after a quick glance at a “report” promoted by the local Fluoride Free groups and Paul Connett’s Fluoride Alert organisation. (Scientific and Critical Analysis of the 2014 New Zealand Fluoridation Report). It illustrates the incestuous network of authors and “peer reviewers” involved in producing the “report.” I have also illustrated connections of these people to a number of anti fluoride organisations and 2 publications.

The first column lists the authors in red, and their claimed peer reviewers in green. The third column lists the anti-fluoride organisations and several publications these people are connected to.

The middle column lists some other people who are also connected to these organisations and publications. I have already reviewed Kathleen Theissen’s article (see Peer review of an anti-fluoride “peer review”) and will get around to reviewing the other 2 articles (by H.S. Miclen and Stan Litras) later.

Meanwhile, lets just consider the connections between these authors, “peer reviewers” and anti-fluoride organisations.

Taking in each other’s laundry

Most of these names are familiar to anyone who has followed the anti-fluoride movement. That fact in itself shows how this report can in no way be seen as “expert,” “independent” or at all credible. Some details on the illustrated people, organisations and publications.

NRC Review minority: There were several disagreements on the 12 member panel which produce the 2006 NRC report “Fluoride in drinking water. A scientific review of EPA’s standards” because 3 members were anti-fluoride. They were Robert Issacson, Hardy Limeback and Kathleen Theissen. Hardy Limeback is involved in several anti-fluoride activist groups.

Kathleen Theissen appears not to be organisationally involved but regularly makes anti-fluoridation submissions when the issue is debated.

UPDATE: Steve Slott has reminded me of this example of Theissen’s lack of credibility as a peer reviewer of fluoridation-related papers:

“In July 2013, Douglas Main, that freelance reporter and bastion of “objectivity”, interviewed Thiessen to get her opinion on Hirzy’s study on which he based his petition to the EPA.

From the article:

“Experts not involved with Hirzy’s study agreed with its findings.”

“I think this is a reasonable study, and that they haven’t inflated anything,” said Kathleen Thiessen, a senior scientist at SENES Oak Ridge Inc., a health and environmental risk assessment company.”

When the EPA reviewers looked at Hirzy’s study they found that he had made a 70-fold miscalculation in his study. When corrected for that error, the EPA reviewers found that Hirzy’s data actually demonstrated the exact opposite of what he had concluded.

Seems Thiessen either didn’t bother to read Hirzy”s study prior to commenting on it, or she overlooked his glaring error, too.”

Fluoride/ISFR: The International Society for Fluoride Reasearch (ISFR) publishes the journal Fluoride and organises regular conferences. They provide an avenue for authors to publish anti-fluoride articles, and generally poor quality research from areas where endemic fluorosis is common which may not be acceptable in the normal scientific journal.

The Society is based in New Zealand and is registered here as a charity. Bruce Spittle is the treasurer and journal managing editor.

FTRC/Second look: The anti-fluoride organisation and web site Second Look as set up the Fluoride Toxicity Research Collaborative (FTRC). It appears to be a weak attempt to provide a front “scientific institute” for anti-fluoride activists who want to present themselves as scientific experts.

This reminds me of the creationist Biologic Institute set up by the intelligent design creationists at the Discovery Institute. Actually, the Intelligent Design “pretend” scientific journal Bio-complexity also reminds me of the anti-fluoride journal Fluoride.

The FTRC lists the following staff:

  • Russell Blaylock, M.D., FTRC Medical Director
  • Hardy Limeback, Ph.D., D.D.S, FTRC Principle Investigator
  • Phyllis J. Mullenix, PhD., FTRC Research Program Director
  • Aliss Terpstra, RNCP, FTRC Research Coordinator

So far they claim to have sponsored (financed?) 2 research papers only by Phyllis Mullinex. Have a read of them and make up your own mind about their quality.

Case Against Fluoride: This is Paul Connett’s book The Case against Fluoride: How Hazardous Waste Ended Up in Our Drinking Water and the Bad Science and Powerful Politics That Keep It There. It is usually treated as a holy scripture in the anti-fluoridation movement. His co-authors were H. S. Micklen and James Beck.

Connett is very proud of this book and relies on it to support his claim to be a “world expert” on fluoridation.

Fluorine in Medicine: This is the sole scientific paper that Paul Connett can claim authorship (actually co-authorship) to:

Strunecká, A. ., & Patočka, J.; Connett, P. (2004). Fluorine in medicine. Journal of Applied Biomedicine, 2, 141–150.

The senior author Anna Strunecká is also part of the anti-fluoride network illustrated above. I am personally very suspicious of the quality of the journal which published this paper – anti-fluoride people have a history of placing poor quality papers in suspect journals purely to attain some sort of scientific credibility. DonQuixoteJune2011

FIND: The Fluoride Information Network for Dentists is one of the local Fluoride Free’s astroturf organisations claiming about 8 members but only Stan Litras is active. Stan uses his FIND hat for his anti-fluoride press releases – such as the one promoting the “report” considered here.

NZ Tour of Don Quixote & Sancho Panza: Sorry, can’t help thinking of these two when the upcoming NZ tour of Paul Connett and Bill Hirzy is mentioned. They do seem to be charging local fluoridation windmills with meetings in Taupo and Auckland.

William Hirzy: He is Paul Connett’s wingman on the Don Quixote & Sancho Panza Tour. Unlike Paul’s sole co-authorship he actually has 2 published scientific papers related to fluoridation where he appears as senior author. (See Comparison of hydrofluorosilicic acid and pharmaceutical sodium fluoride as fluoridating agents—A cost–benefit analysis and Corrigendum to “Comparison of hydrofluorosilicic acid and pharmaceutical sodium fluoride as fluoridating agents—A cost–benefit analysis” [Environ. Sci. Policy 29 (2013) 81–86]“)

The “credibility” of his “expertise” on the subject is shown by the fact his second paper was necessary to correct the huge arithmetic mistake he made in the first paper!

Perhaps you can see why the Connett/Hirzy act brings Done Quixote and Sancho Panza to my mind.

Conclusion

The “report” is discredited even before addressing the arguments presented – simply because of the well-known anti-fluoride stance of all the authors and “peer-reviewers.” The diagrammatic network shows just how incestuous the “report” is. It is simply an attempt to put a “sciency” face on their political stand and their attack on the Royal Society Review.

As a scientific presentation it is a farce.

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Anti-fluoride activists unhappy about scientific research

Mark Atkin (“Science and legal advisor” for FFNZ) and Mary Byrne (“National Co-ordinator and media contact” for FFNZ) promote their “magic” fluoride free water.

These activists have a really weird understanding of science and the nature of scientific research. How’s this for press releases from the NZ Fluoride Free Science and Legal Advisor, Mark Atkin:

1: Rubbishing a planned review of the published science around fluoridation by Sir Peter Gluckman (the Prime Minister’s Chief Science advisor) and the NZ Royal society. Mark declares the review is “totally one-sided” and that Gluckman admits this (see Secret Fluoridation Review Totally One-Sided Admits Chair)!

And what is Atkin’s “evidence” for that? Well Gluckman did say:

“this is just straightforward scientists reviewing what’s in the peer reviewed literature about what we know about the safety and efficacy of fluoride in water. It is reviewing the scientific literature.”

And Atkin chose to distort that to mean:

This “‘review’ of water fluoridation will only look at research that supports fluoridationists’ belief in ‘the safety and efficacy of fluoride in water’, says Sir Peter Gluckman, co-chair of this thereby-admitted ‘kangaroo review’.
It is no wonder that scientific studies showing water fluoridation is neither safe nor effective have not been sought for this bogus ‘review’.”

Mark Atkin seems to have a serious comprehension problem.

2: Claiming Waikato University is commissioning research to obtain  predetermined conclusions.

The same day Atkin produced another press release (see Predetermined ‘research’ outcome commissioned by Waikato Uni). He certainlychurns out press releases even if their quality leaves a lot to be desired.

The specific project Atkins is upset about plans to look in detail at:

“nearly 1700 publicly accessible submissions to the Hamilton City Council on the initial decision to remove flouride from Hamilton’s city water supply with a view to tracing interests and other links to private interests and public lobbying groups.”

Rather than making assumptions about the outcome, the research is aimed at establishing if there were links and their extent. The title of the project is “Public Integrity and Participatory Democracy: Hamilton
City Council’s Water Fluoridation Decision.” Surely it is in all our interests to determined how effective our participatory democracy works at the local body level.

Given that the anti-fluoridation activists often claim our democratic processes are distorted by groups like the District Health Boards I would have thought they would welcome this research. Mind you, they may prefer to leave that particular claim unchecked by objective analysis and actually be far more scared of what an objective analysis of the process reveals about their own manipulation and links to private commercial interests and lobby groups.

Isn’t that weird. A “science advisor” who interprets a scientific review “about the safety and efficacy of fluoride in water” to mean that “scientific studies showing water fluoridation is neither safe nor effective” will be excluded! And that research aimed at tracing interests and links of submitters to commercial and lobby groups will only produce a results claiming the links exist without considering any evidence.

Perhaps this is the way Mark Atkin thinks scientific investigations should happen. Perhaps this is the way the “world fluoridation experts” he idolizes, like Paul Connett and Declan Waugh, carry out their “investigations.”

But it is certainly not the way genuine scientific investigations are done.

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“Creative” reporting of fluoridation science

duane

I am all for genuine creativity in science, and elsewhere. But some people seem to think anything goes when the are promoting their ideology or political views.

Again and again I come across campaigners , especially in areas like “natural” health, climate change denial and promotion of creationism, who seem to think “creative embellishment – or outright distortion – is OK when claim that science is “on their side.”

Here’s a typical example from Fluoride Free NZ (FFNZ) who are attempting to deny the science indicating that fluorosilicates used for fluoridation of water supplies decompose to form the fluoride anion. They are desperate to assert that fluorosilicate species remain and these “might” be toxic.

FFNZ cites the National Toxicology Program (NTP), part of the US Department of Health and Human Services. But puts words into their mouths to create exactly the opposite conclusion to tat which should be taken from that web site.

According to FFNZ:

the NTP “says the assumption that fluoridation chemicals disassociate into free fluoride ions is not supported by experimental evidence. This is good to remember when the fluoridationists claim that fluoride, is fluoride is fluoride. They are operating on belief rather than scientific fact.”

But the NTP says nothing of the sort. The page simply lists a 1999 nomination, from a “private individual”, for research to consider possible toxicity. Yes, the “private individual” gives as grounds “lack of toxicity information; assumed complete dissociation to free fluoride under normal conditions of use not supported by experimental evidence.” But that is the view of the nominator – not of NTP.

In fact, the NTP has a statement making clear that selection of an agent for study does not imply support for the nominators views:

” Selection of an agent for a study does not imply that the agent is hazardous or a potential carcinogen in laboratory animals; likewise, an agent not selected for toxicologic study by the Program should not be taken to mean that the agent is not potentially hazardous or potentially carcinogenic in laboratory rodents.”

Interestingly the cited web page includes “The following information related to “fluorosilicates  “including history from earlier or later nominations for this same agent.” Specifically  Nomination Background a pdf document “Review of Toxicological Literature.” It is a comprehensive review, but on page 4 it says:

“In water, fluorosilicic acid readily hydrolyzes to hydrofluoric acid and various forms of amorphous and hydrated silica. At the concentration usually used for water fluoridation, 99% hydrolysis occurs and the pH drops to 4.2. As pH increases, hydrolysis increases. At the pH of drinking water, the degree of hydrolysis is “essentially 100%” (Crosby, 1969; Urbansky and Schock, 2000).

H2SiF6(aq) + 4 H2O    →    6 HF(aq) + Si(OH)4(aq)”

Exactly the opposite of what FFNZ assert!

Now who is ” operating on belief rather than scientific fact.”

A clear example of extreme confirmation bias amounting to complete distortion.

For more information on the science of the decomposition of fluorosilicates in water have a read of Declan Waugh’s misinformation on fluorosilicic acid and An open letter to Declan Waugh – new mechanism for fluoride toxicity?

Credit: Thanks to Duane for the image.

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